Jaggery (palm sugar)
Also called gur or vellam, jaggery is a sweetener used in Indian cooking. A golden to dark brown unrefined sugar, it is sold as chunks, blocks or discs and is made from boiled palm sap or cane juice. The flavour of jaggery is similar to caramel and small amounts are used in savoury dishes, such as curries and sambars, to balance out salty, spicy and sour flavours. Jaggery is used in traditional Indian desserts such as ladoo, halwa and payasam.